Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
 
City of Cape Town

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Lower
estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Upper
estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Residential priority. 4.95 4.02 45 44 32 718.73 46 4.44 9264 10232 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks. 67 SIMILAR
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. 4.13 9.68 41 37 39 456.27 52 8.30 3160 3736 Housing extension areas and densification options, serviced sites at sizes allowing backyards densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery. 67 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in middle periphery with h/h residential priorities. 4.37 2.63 41 40 39 419.64 49 7.09 3813 3919 Densification options, plot sizes to allow for backyard rental, availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 67 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.73 8.43 38 35 47 373.80 41 19.40 9876 11166 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rentals or shacks area upgrading all possible. 89 +R1.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.00 9.18 39 35 47 320.66 42 18.24 11341 12830 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible. 89 +R1.00
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 3.64 25.70 29 33 46 547.89 40 26.50 2138 2370 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 89 +R1.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities mainly in suburban periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.01 5.17 33 37 48 363.72 41 10.56 2741 3094 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 67 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women. 4.02 2.79 39 37 37 523.23 42 12.50 346 363 PHP delivers good quality suburban housing with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safer areas with accessible transport. 67 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.44 9.94 37 35 40 499.09 51 18.01 4437 4983 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, along with attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in area. 94 +R1.00
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some no longer serviced, informally occupied. 3.74 0.89 42 42 37 636.03 40 9.31 1114 1265 Review of practice of upgrading existing old hostels to family housing in view of displacement risk. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, SRO hotel rentals. 95 +R1.00
17.Upgraded hostels Older workers hostels upgraded into family accommodation, either public or private ownership. 4.86 2.97 22 42 29 356.15 28 7.11 66 69 Serviced sites or single-family subsidy housing for households in hostel-related shacks or unimproved hostel accommodation wanting to remain in urban sector. 95 +R1.00
21.Urban rental and flats (0-20- km) Up-market private rentals as blocks of flats, concentrated in central zone and inner periphery. Medium-term younger population, many as singles with professional income not ready for permanent housing. 4.17 4.15 43 42 36 560.46 43 10.23 5749 6353 Gap-market and affordable housing to allow young professionals to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit to promote elite-quality self-build housing. 94 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market private or informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 k zones, many as younger working singles not ready for permanent housing. 4.18 7.36 39 37 37 580.09 38 17.67 1757 1994 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 94 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Cape Winelands
Breede Valley

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.94 4.48 46 49 28 541.89 61 4.32 293 321 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 74 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.15 7.60 35 40 41 347.69 47 14.07 371 405 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 85 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.16 6.39 29 40 31 224.49 51 11.25 377 406 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 85 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.83 6.92 48 53 27 380.33 67 6.46 28 32 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 74 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.39 13.07 49 41 34 230.09 60 11.95 34 38 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 79 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation often as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some informally occupied. 4.99 0.13 45 51 25 535.06 51 2.07 137 157 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 71 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Cape Winelands
Drakenstein

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 5.53 3.78 50 48 38 498.10 46 2.96 452 489 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 50 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.45 7.09 45 38 53 262.91 40 6.96 673 730 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 61 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.47 7.98 34 33 23 291.82 33 21.03 31 34 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 61 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.43 5.93 49 41 40 383.82 47 8.57 73 83 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 50 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.67 9.85 40 39 34 414.89 73 13.91 333 372 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 50 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation often as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some informally occupied. 3.91 0.71 32 43 31 406.99 44 8.69 197 223 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 47 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Cape Winelands
Langeberg

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.68 3.45 47 48 8 277.77 61 6.83 122 135 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 48 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.69 7.44 41 42 41 244.62 53 10.04 287 307 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 59 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.93 -1.35 43 49 10 602.90 49 13.04 38 43 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 48 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Cape Winelands
Stellenbosch

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.54 4.64 39 43 25 935.85 43 5.64 151 167 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 40 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.23 6.92 44 37 33 485.76 44 15.28 762 833 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 75 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.37 7.65 27 42 24 663.57 40 8.85 58 67 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 40 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.87 7.59 46 35 31 483.36 41 16.18 119 135 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 50 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Cape Winelands
Swellendam

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.55 8.23 29 36 46 259.96 33 68.13 38 41 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 78 +R2.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Cape Winelands
Witzenberg

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.51 7.28 32 39 41 196.62 48 19.66 673 724 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 90 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.63 8.79 27 34 39 179.08 45 22.69 32 35 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 84 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Central Karoo
Beaufort West

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.36 4.91 46 48 36 480.98 72 4.04 312 341 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 70 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.22 4.07 48 39 44 124.65 105 2.26 10 11 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 83 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.23 7.83 56 47 34 263.86 85 11.31 16 19 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 84 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Eden
Bitou

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.40 4.22 38 38 32 718.11 40 15.16 479 522 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 65 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.52 8.03 33 33 48 333.20 27 22.47 205 221 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 76 +R1.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 2.94 7.42 38 37 39 276.71 58 10.02 23 25 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 65 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 2.35 7.85 42 31 33 408.76 64 49.69 30 34 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 70 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Eden
George

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.54 2.66 26 34 37 324.17 28 26.61 54 57 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 83 +R1.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.90 3.64 31 39 41 468.69 49 15.28 1120 1227 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 76 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.69 7.36 32 41 46 567.72 60 15.89 304 337 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 87 +R1.00
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.58 6.45 31 35 46 378.46 47 38.55 419 450 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 87 +R1.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.06 2.03 31 40 35 475.13 58 10.74 124 143 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 76 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.52 8.99 27 39 41 450.83 68 21.51 147 168 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 81 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Eden
Hessequa

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public
transport
cost indicator
(comp.
to other
areas)
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.85 7.03 59 38 49 280.75 52 39.22 28 31 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. .  



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Eden
Knysna

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.90 3.51 35 39 34 556.01 63 18.89 65 71 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 59 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 4.04 3.44 36 39 38 449.56 52 26.58 29 30 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 59 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.25 7.32 33 38 40 307.01 39 19.94 737 789 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 70 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.48 7.74 31 38 27 320.66 43 20.14 358 380 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 70 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.29 15.06 48 39 33 427.07 45 17.81 80 88 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 64 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.23 7.23 41 41 41 245.67 51 7.33 154 175 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 65 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Eden
Mossel Bay

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.10 4.16 34 41 31 509.53 51 25.55 515 569 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 73 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.48 2.45 28 39 47 432.55 48 11.39 41 42 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 73 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.73 7.44 34 39 33 419.88 46 16.22 255 283 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 84 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 2.69 8.08 35 35 28 481.52 68 40.01 48 54 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 79 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.24 10.14 13 35 38 644.24 49 44.17 26 30 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 80 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Overberg
Cape Agulhas

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.96 7.75 29 39 44 230.3 37 9.32 90 97 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 69 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Overberg
Overstrand

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.64 4.24 29 42 29 556.77 37 10.75 195 214 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 83 +R1.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities located mainly core zone, also in inner periphery. 4.07 16.74 19 37 8 199.85 52 0.00 14 17 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in core zone 0-8 km. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and entire core zone. 83 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 2.35 4.88 14 34 23 179.84 17 43.05 13 14 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 83 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 2.99 6.45 22 31 39 332.02 35 62.38 310 337 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 +R1.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.08 3.97 35 42 13 1661.13 72 33.17 40 47 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 83 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.17 10.49 30 34 33 520.63 44 36.15 184 207 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 89 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
Overberg
Theewaterskloof

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.11 7.47 30 36 38 237.90 39 16.85 993 1067 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 35 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.46 6.42 23 35 47 204.21 37 18.55 100 110 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 71 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
West Coast
Matzikama

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.95 7.85 21 36 50 2529.23 41 44.88 92 99 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 +R1.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 4.78 1.44 30 42 19 260.13 72 14.19 28 29 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 85 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.34 12.38 29 33 26 9251.08 47 37.57 12 13 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 90 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
West Coast
Saldanha Bay

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.30 4.20 18 38 3 4099.99 39 51.82 29 32 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 79 +R1.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities located mainly core zone, also in inner periphery. 4.15 7.65 51 39 12 673.91 31 40.54 126 149 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in core zone 0-8 km. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and entire core zone. 79 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 2.78 2.11 41 32 3 1424.34 53 74.69 71 72 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 79 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.65 8.18 36 39 40 271.04 30 13.18 129 137 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 90 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.71 10.14 25 34 50 234.53 39 28.09 218 240 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 84 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
1.Western Cape
West Coast
Swartland

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.95 5.58 29 38 9 562.2 43 8.84 127 140 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 39 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
 
Buffalo City

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Mainly inner periphery, with h/h residential priority. 4.66 3.59 49 52 39 241.19 68 2.19 2090 2297 Larger single family owned units with services, medium density, in suburban and inner-periphery localities, option of backyard and rentals development as well as permanent housing. 90 +R2.00
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located close to central zone or on urban periphery. 4.86 3.01 48 52 22 142.02 75 12.79 48 52 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities in inner and outer periphery zones. 90 +R2.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, inner periphery + core zone. 4.53 4.19 52 47 34 952.60 47 5.16 7076 7948 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, at outer core zone and inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 83 +R2.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities. 3.61 9.85 46 42 42 1167.17 47 5.65 534 638 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and outer core. 83 +R2.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.42 2.46 50 41 45 325.11 55 4.65 352 364 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 83 +R2.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 3.85 7.43 45 39 54 174.84 36 5.98 2342 2526 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading. 100 +R2.00
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 3.74 6.66 45 39 50 250.07 41 8.14 2159 2325 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 +R2.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.08 8.16 48 41 47 267.12 48 5.63 4434 4967 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible. 100 +R2.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.97 9.39 50 44 45 407.42 56 6.10 1492 1716 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 100 +R2.00
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 3.73 24.78 44 43 50 263.35 69 5.71 798 912 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 100 +R2.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities in core zone & inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.40 5.62 43 44 30 836.18 42 10.87 3633 3981 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 83 +R2.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women. 4.30 3.99 42 48 35 376.05 57 7.62 169 181 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 83 +R2.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.64 10.46 48 41 43 334.28 50 7.60 2000 2253 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, along with attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 89 +R2.00
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some no longer serviced, informally occupied. 2.69 1.74 39 34 64 552.83 52 13.02 79 89 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 80 +R1.00
17.Upgraded hostels Older workers hostels upgraded into family accommodation, either public or private ownership. 4.31 3.40 22 43 38 236.07 25 4.88 115 120 Serviced sites or single-family subsidy housing for households in hostel-related shacks or unimproved hostel accommodation wanting to remain in locality. 80 +R1.00
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 4.57 4.70 42 50 45 290.40 54 1.72 52 58 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, material and institutional support. Some rental options. 79 +R2.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 4.91 5.17 48 50 38 282.67 60 2.71 409 459 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, material and institutional support. Some rental options. 79 +R2.00
21.Urban rental and flats (0-20- km) Up-market private rentals as blocks of flats, concentrated in central zone and inner periphery. Medium- to long-term population, incl. single women with higher incomes needing family housing. 3.93 4.53 51 44 35 952.67 44 10.94 4086 4548 Gap-market and affordable housing to allow professionals with families to move up to permanent titled housing when ready. Access to bank finance or government credit to promote elite-quality self-build housing. 90 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 k zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 5.13 7.03 47 47 39 656.75 51 5.69 1155 1299 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 90 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
 
Nelson Mandela Bay

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Lower
estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Upper
estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, inner periphery + core zone. 4.87 4.43 45 49 38 547.98 45 1.96 10512 11844 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, at outer core zone and inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 69 +R1.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities. 2.70 9.37 27 40 40 219.43 25 11.66 10 12 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and outer core. 69 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.61 2.54 42 43 46 317.87 54 3.71 1266 1309 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 69 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 4.11 6.76 36 38 37 359.78 42 11.77 354 379 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading. 86 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 4.47 6.33 45 42 45 267.78 42 5.88 1664 1774 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 86 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.03 8.43 44 40 49 249.07 47 5.64 7412 8298 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible. 86 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.44 8.43 36 40 45 429.90 44 11.27 1449 1595 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 86 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 3.88 26.99 44 41 49 122.80 52 5.53 80 90 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 86 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities in core zone & inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.21 5.52 36 45 22 982.44 46 9.22 3307 3566 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 69 +R1.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women. 4.37 1.85 40 46 37 316.62 45 1.75 88 94 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 69 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.89 10.13 44 44 41 261.99 49 6.02 1032 1170 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, along with attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 85 +R1.00
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some no longer serviced, informally occupied. 3.65 2.06 55 46 35 1226.76 57 1.40 93 110 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 84 +R4.00
21.Urban rental and flats (0-20- km) Up-market private rentals as blocks of flats, concentrated in central zone and inner periphery. Medium- to long-term population, incl. single women with higher incomes needing family housing. 4.16 4.49 45 45 40 542.42 46 7.67 3577 4016 Gap-market and affordable housing to allow professionals with families to move up to permanent titled housing when ready. Access to bank finance or government credit to promote elite-quality self-build housing. 80 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 k zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 5.20 7.31 45 44 40 315.17 40 3.12 859 964 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 80 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Alfred Nzo
Mbizana

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 6.04 3.57 65 49 24 271.26 124 2.10 6654 7224 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 99 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 6.36 3.56 70 51 12 378.65 148 0.00 53 56 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 99 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.84 2.78 64 46 27 372.46 104 4.25 1379 1478 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 99 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Alfred Nzo
Ntabankulu

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport cost
indicator (comp. to
other areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.70 3.43 62 50 20 227.42 117 2.40 4102 4462 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 99 +R5.00 AND MORE
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 6.12 4.25 60 50 26 111.87 124 0.89 125 133 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 99 +R5.00 AND MORE
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.51 5.74 65 53 16 467.69 82 22.94 15 17 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 +R4.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.77 7.26 58 47 15 379.89 105 7.27 272 307 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 100 +R5.00 AND MORE
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 3.80 5.04 62 40 9 910.51 121 9.19 79 88 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 +R5.00 AND MORE



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Alfred Nzo
Umzimvubu

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 2.32 2.08 47 40 16 625.95 61 29.63 12 14 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Amathole
Amahlathi

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 4.60 3.85 54 54 27 260.37 89 3.80 2149 2369 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 89 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 4.13 3.99 48 54 26 229.01 83 8.69 124 134 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 89 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 4.26 4.09 50 48 49 1972.60 74 7.65 180 209 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 89 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.74 2.17 53 53 26 403.85 78 5.66 792 862 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 89 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.36 3.94 51 49 37 952.21 63 15.52 600 675 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 76 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.87 6.01 43 41 29 282.76 50 7.50 24 26 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 93 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.16 8.90 47 48 40 347.79 77 18.26 101 117 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 93 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.69 4.50 45 50 35 323.96 62 8.07 310 365 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 76 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.78 10.19 49 45 32 243.85 86 8.59 90 102 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 87 SIMILAR
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.65 4.28 32 47 8 1234.21 40 6.40 34 37 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 84 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.16 5.53 48 51 27 455.97 76 11.97 197 224 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 84 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.32 6.18 58 51 23 296.88 79 4.38 27 30 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 88 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.34 5.76 44 51 28 566.61 65 4.91 108 126 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 88 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Amathole
Great Kei

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Mainly inner periphery, with h/h residential priority. 5.30 3.25 55 53 30 206.44 78 4.55 678 724 Larger single family owned units with services, medium density, in suburban and inner-periphery localities, option of backyard and rentals development as well as permanent housing. 89 +R2.00
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located close to central zone or on urban periphery. 5.53 4.13 55 52 16 206.08 79 6.21 158 165 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities in inner and outer periphery zones. 89 +R2.00
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 5.46 2.72 49 45 10 316.42 77 3.77 71 77 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 89 +R2.00
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, located mainly inner urban periphery, holding permanent residential priorities. 5.32 2.64 54 52 28 341.30 76 4.19 355 377 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 89 +R2.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, inner periphery + core zone. 3.60 3.84 48 47 29 1090.55 62 32.58 270 301 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, at outer core zone and inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 84 +R3.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities. 3.28 14.81 51 46 12 1359.50 45 15.54 41 48 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and outer core. 84 +R3.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.23 3.22 61 40 37 612.93 62 38.16 29 30 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 84 +R3.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 3.27 8.91 38 41 22 241.34 79 7.44 14 16 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading. 99 +R2.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.39 6.81 45 47 24 140.35 62 30.25 28 30 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible. 99 +R2.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.87 10.38 51 46 40 399.87 93 11.05 69 81 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 99 +R2.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities in core zone & inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.64 3.99 43 48 28 442.27 55 9.96 93 108 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 84 +R3.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.23 10.68 49 44 19 265.26 67 8.11 80 90 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, along with attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 94 +R2.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 6.89 8.80 30 51 7 578.79 60 12.83 1020 1068 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, material and institutional support. Some rental options. 89 +R4.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal rental housing located on outer peripheries, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.56 4.76 54 48 19 525.79 79 7.91 66 73 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. 90 +R2.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 k zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.73 7.09 62 52 37 257.22 80 9.77 38 46 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 90 +R2.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Amathole
Mbhashe

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.47 3.36 61 53 18 248.51 119 2.57 7454 8140 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 99 +R1.00
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 5.25 3.67 60 50 17 242.65 111 13.02 350 374 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 99 +R1.00
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 5.49 7.04 58 49 19 214.66 96 8.36 28 32 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 99 +R1.00
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.31 2.47 60 51 20 374.90 100 4.29 1027 1107 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 99 +R1.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 2.71 5.54 56 37 14 1726.29 52 46.94 156 172 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 100 +R2.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.33 12.68 61 45 15 307.91 128 3.63 16 20 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.69 8.70 54 42 52 185.28 54 54.20 87 100 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, or extending into old homeland. Semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 5.75 16.77 69 51 8 289.01 124 0.61 44 50 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 2.73 3.47 54 38 15 1410.38 52 48.72 25 26 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 100 +R2.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.38 12.45 58 47 16 298.37 115 13.63 70 80 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.95 5.94 58 50 15 378.99 103 6.14 190 213 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 100 +R2.00
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 4.35 5.64 57 51 12 210.73 111 5.17 55 65 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 100 +R2.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.45 4.17 62 47 13 1277.64 123 7.49 317 353 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 +R2.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Amathole
Mnquma

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.12 3.58 60 54 20 252.32 111 3.72 6075 6665 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 99 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 4.90 3.84 63 54 13 384.66 121 3.32 105 113 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 99 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 4.76 6.02 59 48 16 180.05 100 8.93 62 72 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 99 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.96 2.32 58 51 22 362.13 99 5.33 1829 1980 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 99 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.04 4.01 60 40 22 1368.87 52 16.79 1043 1170 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 95 +R1.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities located mainly core zone, also in inner periphery. 3.14 11.25 54 39 13 1696.96 54 6.81 54 64 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in core zone 0-8 km. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and entire core zone. 95 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.31 2.60 66 38 26 317.89 56 11.50 21 22 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 95 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.38 7.28 50 40 64 172.98 51 8.50 412 452 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 86 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.69 5.99 53 39 53 245.59 49 17.67 715 768 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 86 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.58 11.23 54 50 13 182.62 99 8.21 87 101 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 86 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.26 9.62 46 42 30 544.61 61 30.10 90 102 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 86 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, or extending into old homeland. Semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 5.33 42.57 67 53 17 143.04 127 3.19 35 40 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 86 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 2.69 3.18 44 38 15 1361.16 52 33.50 44 47 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 95 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.71 10.79 56 44 29 267.77 76 13.39 164 186 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 99 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.41 5.66 57 48 18 413.67 101 12.79 399 443 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 94 +R1.00
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 4.30 6.82 64 52 22 367.46 105 3.67 159 190 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 94 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.41 5.03 57 47 15 516.48 100 10.98 311 347 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 97 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.67 6.49 64 39 29 991.38 62 16.48 374 436 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 97 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Amathole
Ngqushwa

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 4.37 3.60 55 55 28 303.73 84 2.46 1084 1198 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 73 +R1.00
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 4.84 0.24 62 61 26 82.19 81 0.00 12 14 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 73 +R1.00
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.42 2.34 55 54 31 259.72 77 2.34 1527 1669 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 73 +R1.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.49 4.35 46 50 49 317.62 73 4.10 64 71 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 76 +R2.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.44 9.61 58 50 33 246.05 100 6.65 33 39 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 85 +R1.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.95 9.00 54 53 28 146.19 82 5.84 54 64 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 85 +R1.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 4.26 2.96 32 52 27 362.15 86 6.88 16 17 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 76 +R2.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.66 13.16 52 48 22 165.27 76 6.43 39 45 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 79 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.05 4.75 58 53 30 505.00 75 4.78 129 146 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 74 +R3.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.50 5.49 55 49 38 550.98 68 4.44 143 160 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 75 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.22 3.10 36 43 26 2552.99 39 16.36 23 28 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 75 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Amathole
Nkonkobe

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 4.65 3.45 53 56 33 242.94 82 3.40 1410 1534 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 76 +R2.00
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.53 2.40 52 55 31 320.94 76 4.39 1998 2163 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 76 +R2.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.03 3.34 50 49 39 881.61 56 10.05 620 692 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 72 +R3.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.36 7.57 49 45 49 208.70 55 9.40 341 372 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 83 +R2.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.27 9.34 41 47 28 434.84 85 6.44 21 24 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 83 +R2.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.60 5.70 53 47 41 628.85 74 26.94 252 295 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 72 +R3.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.55 8.70 49 48 31 400.50 60 10.82 66 74 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 78 +R2.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.72 4.03 41 53 23 550.67 67 7.31 624 676 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 71 +R3.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.12 2.80 46 49 21 575.33 78 7.33 42 47 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 79 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.40 7.28 51 50 37 478.57 75 8.82 440 510 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 79 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Amathole
Nxuba

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.61 4.21 53 56 35 351.20 66 7.94 302 339 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 61 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.24 7.61 41 44 38 144.09 60 6.36 375 406 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 75 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.00 5.73 49 53 43 200.16 70 14.71 53 62 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 61 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.47 14.71 45 42 16 69.81 76 2.72 56 62 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 72 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.65 4.74 16 47 19 1010.27 53 7.18 776 812 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 60 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Cacadu
Baviaans

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.35 2.53 41 50 33 314.42 67 1.37 62 69 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 65 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Cacadu
Blue Crane Route

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.35 4.50 47 52 35 399.07 60 3.51 423 474 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 58 +R2.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.56 6.92 34 43 30 173.17 56 3.88 142 152 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 90 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.83 8.67 28 41 20 200.33 49 25.96 22 23 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 90 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.32 5.89 15 42 12 842.78 46 14.78 1254 1340 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 58 +R2.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 5.49 1.36 9 42 14 877.95 46 17.11 301 308 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 58 +R2.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.39 8.03 31 45 27 183.09 47 4.45 82 91 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 69 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 5.73 9.50 37 55 40 199.38 41 9.54 16 19 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 73 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Cacadu
Camdeboo

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.53 4.05 49 53 27 426.20 63 2.17 230 256 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 52 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.94 8.53 47 50 30 281.68 69 0.65 122 132 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 63 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.47 2.06 40 52 9 515.32 60 4.18 105 122 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 52 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 2.96 10.68 34 47 17 389.20 83 5.29 27 31 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 58 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Cacadu
Ikwezi

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.78 3.92 53 52 33 426.97 66 4.14 107 121 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 50 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Cacadu
Kou-Kamma

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.90 1.51 29 43 12 229.18 33 4.22 44 46 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 100 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.76 4.92 32 42 20 548.24 53 18.75 184 206 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 97 +R1.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities located mainly core zone, also in inner periphery. 2.96 11.85 22 41 0 3567.43 39 38.34 10 12 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in core zone 0-8 km. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and entire core zone. 97 +R1.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 2.95 12.31 28 34 58 87.47 67 50.71 24 28 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.07 3.79 30 47 5 3773.34 32 31.80 38 41 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 97 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.85 5.56 12 34 14 716.15 42 6.09 42 44 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 97 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.86 4.32 21 42 14 1218.98 38 16.53 13 15 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Cacadu
Kouga

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.47 5.56 44 48 24 431.75 51 1.76 218 244 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 81 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.04 7.18 36 39 26 426.02 45 9.93 584 634 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 93 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 3.75 -0.24 34 47 43 251.78 50 3.45 36 39 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 81 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.17 10.14 22 38 22 421.47 49 13.72 52 59 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 87 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.34 5.41 49 51 3 38.86 51 0.00 21 26 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 88 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Cacadu
Makana

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.76 3.57 51 51 36 545.05 49 4.45 897 1010 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 69 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 5.09 7.01 44 47 41 190.66 52 6.30 427 461 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 80 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.59 8.36 10 44 30 177.94 61 12.97 54 59 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 80 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.35 6.08 34 49 29 638.00 55 5.99 2647 2876 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 69 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.22 9.08 47 46 45 217.35 49 3.81 194 218 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 74 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 6.61 7.16 28 51 17 630.19 61 5.13 118 123 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 64 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.14 7.66 48 47 39 486.43 43 4.39 230 263 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 75 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Cacadu
Ndlambe

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.88 0.94 49 51 24 195.11 50 11.24 23 24 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 70 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.18 4.24 50 50 32 654.50 57 3.94 756 846 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 70 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.05 7.19 42 43 35 199.23 45 10.25 319 349 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 86 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.58 8.77 41 48 19 131.21 57 4.96 552 592 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 86 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.02 4.77 46 49 37 339.27 56 4.68 358 416 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 70 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 6.00 3.66 37 48 13 845.84 55 7.40 1221 1248 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 70 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.42 9.76 43 48 15 243.23 58 9.21 80 91 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 75 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.73 7.49 44 49 23 256.43 52 2.63 110 122 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 77 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Cacadu
Sundays River Valley

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.77 3.74 42 50 28 413.61 52 2.71 357 401 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 75 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.06 2.84 39 41 14 295.73 63 8.37 13 13 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 75 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.24 7.01 44 46 41 311.59 57 2.25 108 122 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 86 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.71 9.33 14 41 8 373.13 50 15.81 78 84 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 86 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.19 6.32 40 47 26 351.18 56 1.96 209 243 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 75 +R1.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 6.08 1.96 19 44 7 851.88 47 5.97 1155 1181 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 75 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 5.17 11.65 49 50 28 215.47 48 5.28 42 47 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 81 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 6.24 4.33 22 46 12 950.60 55 12.78 790 827 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 72 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.77 8.78 50 52 34 385.02 50 1.96 184 218 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 82 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Chris Hani
Emalahleni

Settlement typology Description
of the
settlement
type
Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types
of appropriate
housing
options
+ linked
needs
Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
02.New traditional   4.96 5.75 68 56 29 134.31 104 8.07 40 43   91 SIMILAR
03.Self-development   5.18 -1.84 65 54 13 310.33 . 1.07 25 29   91 SIMILAR
05.Old townships   4.37 4.22 57 47 28 689.42 . 12.82 599 668   86 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km)   5.55 6.43 52 49 41 224.04 . 6.66 150 161   97 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km)   4.86 6.44 55 56 11 200.19 . 8.51 12 14   97 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km)   5.25 5.95 61 53 9 166.41 111 3.04 11 12   97 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing   4.81 6.53 29 47 13 710.35 . 8.79 141 152   86 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing   6.42 1.51 43 46 12 497.32 . 9.80 231 236   86 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures   4.41 6.81 59 53 20 334.86 . 9.16 58 67   71 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km)   5.08 2.64 56 52 19 224.85 . 2.95 112 126   93 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental   3.00 3.86 45 39 22 1297.52 . 32.77 28 33   93 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Chris Hani
Engcobo

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.42 3.61 59 52 20 216.03 119 3.54 4849 5289 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 99 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 5.63 5.40 56 52 23 408.95 122 3.00 81 87 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 99 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.25 2.16 57 50 25 334.35 102 7.01 603 648 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 99 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.13 3.79 57 37 17 2177.01 54 18.64 103 115 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 99 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.77 7.15 56 39 54 131.33 52 8.27 268 292 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.78 8.12 59 52 14 318.48 105 6.31 24 28 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.74 10.68 50 45 21 700.53 96 16.87 51 59 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 3.89 6.06 58 44 14 1017.05 96 18.92 142 159 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 +R2.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.74 6.91 64 37 16 3228.17 50 29.52 64 74 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 +R2.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Chris Hani
Inkwanca

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.50 3.60 54 51 36 404.92 72 6.19 534 596 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 73 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.02 6.62 67 46 32 272.61 77 12.20 30 34 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 87 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.40 4.68 54 49 41 264.05 108 5.05 42 48 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 73 +R1.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 5.24 1.26 16 42 9 1314.80 63 21.95 378 386 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 73 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.54 13.10 53 43 31 168.43 99 0.00 12 13 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 84 SIMILAR
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 5.22 8.93 19 47 8 1088.78 57 29.59 246 262 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 73 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Chris Hani
Intsika Yethu

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Lower
estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Upper
estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Mainly inner periphery, with h/h residential priority. 4.85 3.43 60 54 18 243.64 118 4.18 15619 16218 Larger single family owned units with services, medium density, in suburban and inner-periphery localities, option of backyard and rentals development as well as permanent housing. 99 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located close to central zone or on urban periphery. 4.90 3.03 64 51 15 450.17 123 7.16 31 33 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities in inner and outer periphery zones. 99 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 5.08 4.08 67 54 12 198.66 112 3.94 20 23 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 99 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, located mainly inner urban periphery, holding permanent residential priorities. 4.92 2.23 59 53 20 317.45 107 5.54 9526 9725 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 99 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, inner periphery + core zone. 2.63 3.30 63 38 8 1829.18 46 17.47 87 97 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, at outer core zone and inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 97 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 4.04 7.13 56 38 26 318.84 59 2.87 216 235 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.80 8.36 60 47 26 309.18 85 19.92 29 34 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible. 100 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.11 5.32 55 52 6 172.92 113 7.21 17 19 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 100 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.98 7.98 65 49 12 204.96 112 5.41 46 52 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, along with attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 3.98 4.11 57 48 18 564.05 94 10.98 3219 3315 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, material and institutional support. Some rental options. 93 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal rental housing located on outer peripheries, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.14 2.13 57 49 13 1231.24 108 14.49 122 136 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. 100 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 k zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.10 6.57 61 38 8 4281.59 41 15.26 57 66 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Chris Hani
Inxuba Yethemba

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.20 3.87 49 49 37 506.67 60 6.85 839 942 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 75 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.23 7.95 40 42 49 143.20 47 6.04 175 188 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 89 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.25 7.91 40 46 32 291.37 63 4.48 58 70 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 75 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.20 16.65 39 42 43 207.29 61 9.79 17 19 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 86 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Chris Hani
Lukanji

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 4.90 3.55 53 58 19 246.65 98 4.05 367 404 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 87 +R2.00
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 4.78 1.97 59 52 45 446.23 95 12.78 12 14 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 87 +R2.00
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.05 2.48 52 54 25 291.91 84 8.00 1168 1250 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 87 +R2.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.71 4.30 53 49 31 677.02 62 15.08 2898 3256 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 90 +R2.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 4.04 3.02 55 47 29 1157.75 93 5.35 17 17 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 90 +R2.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.57 7.24 46 44 44 219.22 60 14.21 1068 1153 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.18 6.92 49 42 52 236.93 58 15.21 101 109 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.94 8.91 49 45 41 92.60 73 8.11 143 157 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.29 4.62 55 46 34 347.12 65 44.12 399 450 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 90 +R2.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 4.94 3.09 52 51 22 334.89 96 14.27 87 91 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 90 +R2.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.95 11.62 45 45 31 208.58 65 11.84 207 233 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 +R1.00
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.68 2.23 39 48 6 928.30 50 25.11 120 125 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 90 +R2.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.86 1.63 37 49 13 623.07 65 14.52 977 1026 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 90 +R2.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.32 3.54 53 56 19 367.30 94 6.01 40 45 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.63 7.36 41 45 34 447.80 66 10.83 515 585 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Chris Hani
Sakhisizwe

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.11 3.66 57 55 20 209.67 115 5.11 842 921 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 100 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 5.40 5.14 58 54 20 752.95 118 5.80 68 73 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 100 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 4.69 5.79 48 47 52 244.64 87 19.22 18 20 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 100 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.21 2.49 58 52 20 239.28 105 5.64 327 352 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 100 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.27 4.42 55 47 24 1064.41 71 11.46 377 419 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 89 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 5.37 7.52 56 45 37 230.05 87 16.03 1077 1153 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 93 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 5.06 6.66 57 49 29 279.57 77 2.28 48 53 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 94 SIMILAR
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.92 3.59 57 50 22 466.44 44 24.84 45 47 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 83 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.44 7.88 52 53 24 185.66 80 7.80 191 210 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 83 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.55 6.45 53 46 30 550.13 77 6.21 173 203 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 95 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Chris Hani
Tsolwana

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 4.89 3.15 58 52 25 293.51 96 2.11 197 217 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 96 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.84 2.81 55 51 21 300.91 84 2.53 462 502 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 96 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.41 4.57 57 54 29 452.00 74 21.40 209 232 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 95 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.75 1.96 55 48 22 218.68 69 10.80 26 27 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 95 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.75 2.07 69 48 15 135.64 77 22.87 16 18 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 95 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 4.90 2.80 20 44 14 835.74 47 28.59 179 183 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 95 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.75 16.94 50 52 6 907.45 97 9.01 14 16 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 5.76 4.27 21 45 11 1252.93 56 11.44 463 492 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 95 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.71 5.04 49 47 27 379.84 75 12.51 138 151 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Joe Gqabi
Elundini

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 4.85 3.30 59 51 23 256.08 123 3.50 6481 7102 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 93 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 4.85 4.81 55 53 16 208.03 129 3.23 176 189 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 93 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 4.63 4.24 57 53 24 204.02 116 2.91 103 118 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 93 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.85 2.28 58 49 25 510.14 106 6.63 1933 2088 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 93 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.04 4.53 55 43 26 796.95 66 33.69 1383 1491 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 89 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 4.46 2.23 58 41 38 121.39 85 7.68 45 46 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 89 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 5.15 7.81 52 46 44 192.25 81 9.80 286 306 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.77 8.93 53 42 35 257.75 77 13.63 46 53 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.87 7.85 60 51 22 226.81 89 17.32 36 42 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, or extending into old homeland. Semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 4.99 47.71 60 43 28 326.30 83 7.32 25 28 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.84 4.52 53 41 27 470.55 72 17.23 132 152 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 89 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 3.90 -0.80 50 40 58 192.66 105 15.50 24 25 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 89 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.89 8.26 57 45 31 449.26 84 13.05 195 222 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 94 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation often as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some informally occupied. 5.52 10.80 34 36 59 185.09 80 0.00 10 10 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 86 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.66 6.35 48 44 20 530.03 66 15.44 1602 1733 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 86 SIMILAR
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 4.18 5.28 55 50 16 172.12 105 8.72 321 374 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 86 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.19 3.67 57 45 15 487.38 118 8.94 595 665 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 95 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.19 6.59 56 42 38 421.97 81 12.89 675 769 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 95 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Joe Gqabi
Gariep

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.55 2.66 63 49 20 391.91 75 5.58 382 408 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 90 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.37 4.77 53 49 26 701.65 72 4.64 392 439 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 75 SIMILAR
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities located mainly core zone, also in inner periphery. 4.09 11.31 53 44 33 292.07 80 87.74 153 182 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in core zone 0-8 km. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and entire core zone. 75 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 4.14 2.66 54 50 30 158.15 103 4.91 22 23 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 75 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 5.63 5.93 45 47 40 93.77 71 4.97 95 101 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 86 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.23 10.19 61 36 45 237.15 12 24.74 75 85 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 86 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, or extending into old homeland. Semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 5.24 32.14 48 49 30 134.68 79 7.01 62 68 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 86 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.51 4.41 17 41 11 776.74 58 23.81 771 825 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 75 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.05 8.06 56 44 24 354.83 61 9.10 65 75 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 86 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.20 8.59 54 45 28 329.16 71 7.75 163 187 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 90 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Joe Gqabi
Maletswai

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.62 4.50 55 49 21 859.82 77 9.41 460 515 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 51 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.52 7.20 51 43 33 230.80 65 20.26 600 665 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 65 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.23 7.66 61 47 15 271.80 71 1.84 83 94 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 65 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.19 7.35 53 46 10 166.21 60 12.54 40 44 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 65 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.47 4.97 49 45 32 671.69 63 11.10 154 177 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 51 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 2.88 0.76 55 36 31 1813.26 25 13.05 24 25 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 51 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.40 11.19 64 43 20 248.24 59 16.39 151 172 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 62 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.64 4.96 45 45 16 605.52 59 10.35 1321 1414 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 49 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.80 4.06 57 43 12 499.00 30 14.37 203 221 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 65 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
Joe Gqabi
Senqu

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 4.97 3.60 62 50 21 261.04 102 4.71 6690 7310 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 95 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 4.94 4.42 62 49 26 142.45 95 5.02 304 325 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 95 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 4.49 3.59 58 44 22 347.13 88 17.86 410 475 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 95 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.69 2.27 57 49 21 341.43 91 6.74 3084 3337 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 95 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.52 4.34 54 41 21 1435.19 70 17.13 597 660 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 97 SIMILAR
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities located mainly core zone, also in inner periphery. 3.41 10.92 49 40 8 1963.63 57 37.39 117 138 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in core zone 0-8 km. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and entire core zone. 97 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.30 7.12 53 41 36 169.54 72 24.53 888 960 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.60 7.91 49 48 20 167.57 91 9.53 66 76 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.87 10.44 58 52 14 309.73 191 3.74 18 21 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.53 8.74 51 49 40 358.62 79 68.32 129 151 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 97 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 5.07 3.13 18 40 3 785.90 63 19.38 205 209 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 97 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.11 9.62 52 44 35 231.50 85 16.14 167 190 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.89 5.58 45 45 14 471.75 73 9.13 2511 2709 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 96 +R1.00
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 6.17 6.06 14 44 3 418.19 67 21.55 189 200 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 96 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.05 4.41 58 43 6 924.61 94 14.22 279 310 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.88 8.20 57 43 20 1397.79 86 17.75 235 275 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
O.R.Tambo
King Sabata Dalindyebo

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.90 3.52 60 51 21 283.82 114 3.39 8225 8921 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 96 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 6.10 3.69 59 51 12 208.01 120 3.20 192 204 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 96 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 6.00 3.58 56 48 18 220.77 98 17.03 55 62 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 96 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.52 2.40 57 47 27 384.70 90 8.21 2527 2705 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 96 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.62 4.33 59 38 20 1586.12 53 30.41 2549 2833 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 81 +R2.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 2.64 2.45 51 42 30 1262.02 76 29.13 12 12 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 81 +R2.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.80 7.76 45 40 60 231.32 55 19.58 602 651 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.62 6.25 57 36 61 206.21 76 57.30 94 101 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.40 9.37 51 44 32 869.00 116 11.70 51 59 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.42 6.08 54 49 20 481.41 101 10.55 55 63 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, or extending into old homeland. Semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 5.85 16.72 60 51 25 369.54 103 4.83 47 53 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.03 5.49 55 38 41 746.18 55 16.03 806 928 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 81 +R2.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 3.83 3.02 49 39 29 788.21 70 32.03 435 464 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 81 +R2.00
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 3.98 2.27 41 40 39 465.85 73 67.47 62 71 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 94 SIMILAR
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 5.37 5.63 60 52 13 427.12 104 7.39 60 69 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 94 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.70 3.18 59 45 20 727.32 113 12.97 596 657 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 94 +R2.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.20 7.29 53 37 32 771.35 73 45.09 1149 1306 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 94 +R2.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
O.R.Tambo
Mhlontlo

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 5.64 4.81 65 50 11 239.37 126 3.34 116 124 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 94 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.77 4.54 68 40 22 1107.36 65 17.89 284 317 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 92 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 2.98 2.86 65 39 39 410.72 73 22.96 18 19 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 92 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.48 9.63 58 46 8 217.31 107 7.68 46 53 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 93 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.09 10.87 59 52 12 353.94 114 2.64 48 55 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 93 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.27 4.39 61 38 24 1033.83 75 24.16 118 136 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 92 SIMILAR
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 5.60 8.31 52 55 10 965.20 136 0.00 22 25 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 91 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.50 4.81 60 47 11 578.94 112 8.74 251 278 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 95 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.88 11.09 39 42 7 1535.32 37 4.10 17 20 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 95 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
O.R.Tambo
Ngquza Hill

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.83 3.53 63 49 23 194.26 125 2.77 6599 7151 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 99 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 5.46 4.19 57 48 20 303.42 118 3.48 49 53 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 99 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 2.30 3.13 62 45 13 653.35 70 0.00 30 33 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 99 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.58 2.43 64 47 23 325.25 108 5.21 1598 1707 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 99 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.09 3.41 59 37 15 3165.07 47 32.11 177 195 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 98 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.56 6.91 63 36 28 390.64 90 53.28 422 455 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 98 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.88 9.06 67 53 32 225.50 111 3.24 58 67 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 98 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.73 8.55 53 50 10 422.70 91 4.78 40 46 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 98 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 2.47 6.95 55 33 33 802.61 55 73.12 269 322 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 98 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.73 10.03 57 45 16 584.01 87 7.78 118 134 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation often as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some informally occupied. 1.57 2.63 66 44 6 1973.14 23 11.35 68 77 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 91 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.70 7.34 62 46 19 386.13 118 8.64 611 679 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 96 SIMILAR
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 5.39 13.27 62 51 11 468.19 156 2.70 19 22 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 96 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.64 3.38 59 44 22 574.64 135 12.72 143 159 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.73 8.86 65 33 17 1281.90 81 31.09 30 35 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
O.R.Tambo
Nyandeni

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Lower
estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Upper
estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.73 3.31 61 49 21 233.62 118 2.76 38021 39190 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 90 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 5.66 3.12 64 49 22 293.52 115 1.42 300 321 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 90 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 5.24 5.43 58 43 17 274.94 83 16.62 72 82 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 90 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.45 2.51 60 47 21 485.79 92 8.90 6460 6601 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 90 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.38 4.05 57 35 32 819.56 70 52.22 191 210 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 90 +R1.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.73 11.16 64 52 36 122.17 82 4.59 23 27 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 90 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.46 9.90 61 49 28 574.28 94 13.25 35 41 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 90 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, or extending into old homeland. Semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 5.97 48.28 61 51 15 574.79 118 0.00 28 32 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 90 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.24 4.45 59 38 13 1734.94 62 35.60 98 113 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 90 +R1.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 3.76 3.60 75 34 27 641.54 94 30.86 26 28 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 90 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.80 8.89 60 48 16 423.94 118 13.03 1155 1203 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 94 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.88 5.41 57 44 24 364.95 101 14.63 2866 2961 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 89 +R1.00
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 4.83 7.76 57 48 19 200.48 116 6.88 116 135 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 89 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 4.18 5.39 60 40 17 528.42 114 20.98 412 459 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 92 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.27 8.88 68 39 24 412.98 68 50.40 79 92 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 92 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
2.Eastern Cape
O.R.Tambo
Port St Johns

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport cost
indicator (comp. to
other areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.69 3.68 65 49 20 348.22 132 2.16 4347 4715 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 100 +R4.00
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 5.87 5.03 66 51 16 250.74 136 6.19 205 217 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 100 +R4.00
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 5.79 6.21 61 46 24 1220.92 80 1.68 19 22 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 100 +R4.00
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.77 2.61 62 48 17 416.96 108 5.35 311 333 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 100 +R4.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.62 4.25 58 41 31 835.74 78 16.21 111 122 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 100 +R5.00 AND MORE
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 2.88 7.25 71 35 18 1453.89 62 29.00 89 97 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 +R2.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.04 7.75 61 49 20 155.08 129 10.41 35 39 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 +R2.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.85 8.56 58 54 18 414.23 108 0.00 16 18 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 +R2.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.89 5.43 50 44 48 227.08 56 4.28 83 96 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 100 +R5.00 AND MORE
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.38 10.36 62 48 18 261.26 131 2.21 26 29 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 +R4.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.87 5.95 63 46 17 672.64 117 5.86 426 479 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 100 +R4.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 3.96 6.40 67 40 13 1284.02 127 8.51 146 161 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 +R5.00 AND MORE
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.42 8.07 53 45 4 258.61 68 13.45 53 62 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 +R5.00 AND MORE



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Frances Baard
Dikgatlong

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.09 3.36 40 46 28 523.53 63 8.94 688 757 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 62 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.56 2.62 37 42 31 221.72 70 21.18 28 29 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 62 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.70 7.54 27 43 30 205.45 55 13.46 147 169 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 70 +R1.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.06 8.43 29 43 29 366.42 78 9.06 113 128 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 70 +R1.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.50 7.66 29 46 32 508.45 61 8.54 77 89 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 62 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.91 9.73 45 44 22 293.48 69 19.10 53 61 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 68 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.61 5.39 27 46 14 636.33 49 14.59 351 373 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 59 +R1.00
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 5.76 4.21 16 47 5 906.82 65 26.89 189 206 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 59 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 6.25 4.34 18 43 9 367.35 45 21.41 248 262 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 69 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Frances Baard
Magareng

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.17 3.56 45 51 31 754.45 72 6.09 616 672 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 91 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.30 3.15 24 44 38 392.74 48 14.77 16 17 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 91 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.47 6.73 53 44 29 313.53 77 3.27 69 77 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.26 4.88 25 47 28 638.28 39 8.86 79 92 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 91 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.50 9.15 30 43 29 222.49 54 13.24 43 50 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.53 3.44 19 44 12 567.55 50 12.29 377 403 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 93 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Frances Baard
Phokwane

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 5.12 4.52 46 50 31 545.40 66 4.21 822 916 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 28 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.09 7.63 33 45 22 304.77 62 29.62 125 141 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 39 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.15 7.99 39 43 45 181.62 70 45.98 74 86 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 39 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.15 4.29 54 47 26 442.71 75 7.61 130 150 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 28 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.83 9.10 35 43 26 332.21 70 28.07 142 165 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 34 SIMILAR
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 3.79 3.00 12 42 8 1797.38 58 20.21 79 87 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 28 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 3.94 6.23 26 49 22 409.15 53 43.49 80 88 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 28 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.12 7.71 29 43 46 318.89 70 25.43 177 210 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 35 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Frances Baard
Sol Plaatjie

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.50 4.38 45 49 32 674.57 54 7.37 3245 3611 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 45 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.12 2.46 48 37 44 801.31 58 57.78 144 148 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 45 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.24 7.57 45 41 36 255.89 59 21.09 345 400 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 94 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.82 6.34 49 35 45 459.52 54 52.68 92 106 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 94 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.14 6.34 56 43 15 184.11 57 17.48 24 26 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 94 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.54 5.58 24 41 7 1004.06 53 32.21 632 689 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 45 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.37 10.38 48 41 33 597.69 63 22.79 370 426 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 92 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.96 8.16 49 46 29 652.28 55 11.96 215 251 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 91 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
John Taolo Gaetsewe
Ga-Segonyana

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public
transport
cost indicator
(comp.
to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 4.83 3.31 58 47 24 172.91 82 9.26 418 465 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. .  
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.01 2.38 58 44 24 265.71 70 12.00 948 1051 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. .  
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.50 5.62 53 43 21 1623.61 60 15.20 132 149 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. .  
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.94 7.66 42 50 33 310.21 53 24.92 24 26 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. .  
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 3.94 9.55 68 41 20 167.08 112 26.80 37 44 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. .  
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 2.98 5.94 56 39 34 340.11 87 23.93 55 67 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. .  
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 3.96 2.04 49 38 42 223.16 76 66.94 22 24 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. .  
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.98 11.28 56 39 25 218.92 77 37.54 73 86 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. .  
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 2.88 0.91 59 32 12 716.68 108 41.43 50 58 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. .  
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 4.31 6.07 16 42 4 468.58 56 46.11 131 142 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. .  
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 3.29 2.89 32 38 1 855.84 90 30.26 15 17 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. .  



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
John Taolo Gaetsewe
Gamagara

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.90 5.25 52 47 27 488.28 76 6.13 159 175 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 32 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 4.69 2.41 39 42 24 198.05 91 5.42 30 31 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 32 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.11 7.74 50 42 34 139.13 81 5.98 23 25 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 45 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 5.73 9.87 38 45 13 149.85 87 5.54 16 18 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 43 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation often as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some informally occupied. 4.02 2.02 12 42 22 1631.16 40 15.26 34 40 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 36 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.11 2.69 23 40 1 842.68 39 51.83 106 113 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 24 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
John Taolo Gaetsewe
Joe Morolong

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 5.26 3.69 59 50 15 157.53 110 5.84 874 960 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 93 SIMILAR
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 5.65 6.19 66 48 4 136.27 105 5.26 86 93 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 93 SIMILAR
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 5.71 4.42 57 48 5 173.36 99 5.91 131 151 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 93 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 5.51 2.28 57 49 15 220.62 99 4.99 1660 1803 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 93 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.81 4.29 42 40 16 2682.40 52 26.87 147 158 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 89 +R1.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 2.34 6.86 43 43 6 473.46 102 59.58 24 29 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, or extending into old homeland. Semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 3.70 30.18 41 44 12 273.60 113 28.97 65 75 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.00 11.82 43 41 13 207.80 88 22.19 47 54 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 2.60 12.75 9 47 2 271.34 48 41.62 11 13 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 88 SIMILAR
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 4.35 5.45 22 44 6 854.73 49 29.72 374 418 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 88 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 3.12 1.30 50 34 5 1160.11 16 35.16 177 197 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.20 6.40 19 38 10 1816.99 13 36.36 20 24 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Namakwa
Khi-Ma

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio
(% of
population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 3.76 10.99 17 37 1 1141.51 0 73.4 105 112 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Namakwa
Nama Khoi

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual
rise in
household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads
(%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 1.67 4 2 37 9 1014.24 50 49.18 20 21 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 96 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Namakwa
Richtersveld

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.61 6.2 45 41 63 461.32 65 22.13 21 24 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 88 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Pixley ka Seme
Emthanjeni

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.05 4.08 52 50 31 893.99 65 5.03 316 350 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 83 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.63 6.93 41 47 45 245.68 45 8.85 62 69 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 97 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Pixley ka Seme
Renosterberg

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.76 4.79 45 51 42 431.12 143 1.49 72 79 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 80 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Pixley ka Seme
Siyancuma

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.44 3.98 32 49 23 452.68 57 2.53 153 169 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 72 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.94 6.42 48 44 27 245.56 71 9.42 83 93 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 86 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.92 10.91 36 47 34 276.64 62 0.79 33 38 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 83 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Pixley ka Seme
Siyathemba

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.45 5.51 42 50 34 307.35 93 5.07 106 118 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 38 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.40 3.33 48 43 48 139.42 58 5.33 16 18 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 51 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 2.92 6.21 51 47 43 168.18 71 8.25 11 13 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 49 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Pixley ka Seme
Ubuntu

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of
housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.33 5.87 47 50 28 834.15 62 3.64 99 110 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 63 +R1.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.40 1.83 48 41 42 210.01 98 17.93 17 20 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 63 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Pixley ka Seme
Umsobomvu

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.34 4.32 56 50 39 422.10 74 6.07 392 435 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 100 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.72 3.94 62 42 53 186.62 85 18.61 12 12 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 100 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.02 7.92 53 44 47 247.34 55 7.22 123 137 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.94 0.64 58 45 46 172.24 75 8.66 24 28 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 100 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.70 10.62 51 44 39 113.31 62 4.85 11 12 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Siyanda
//Khara Hais

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.81 3.91 42 49 35 1080.97 55 5.16 359 400 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 100 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.38 6.06 43 40 40 472.30 45 7.79 100 111 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.82 6.09 33 39 36 310.91 78 15.28 82 95 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 2.29 9.10 39 39 43 1441.72 48 22.12 34 39 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.96 15.09 42 47 21 412.36 40 6.00 14 17 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Siyanda
Kai !Garib

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 2.24 4.95 40 38 10 842.57 17 23.49 166 178 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 87 +R1.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.84 9.79 51 48 9 128.81 48 47.42 40 43 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 5.23 2.31 30 42 4 539.78 42 22.22 2090 2142 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 87 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 2.53 5.50 24 41 3 958.86 8 30.49 112 122 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 82 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 3.88 2.07 42 43 15 514.80 58 12.99 41 42 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 100 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 1.49 16.92 46 36 1 1027.71 69 30.10 20 24 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Siyanda
Kgatelopele

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.56 3.79 31 45 24 557.90 47 9.92 159 177 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 61 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.11 5.62 24 44 38 204.84 84 5.13 10 12 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 72 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
3.Northern Cape
Siyanda
Tsantsabane

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household head
in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.67 4.74 43 48 29 498.71 60 4.71 337 374 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 60 +R3.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities located mainly core zone, also in inner periphery. 6.93 9.01 7 43 0 607.06 82 56.62 11 13 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in core zone 0-8 km. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and entire core zone. 60 +R3.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.20 5.43 44 43 23 458.20 72 7.99 50 56 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 73 +R1.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.03 5.39 52 51 53 149.64 60 100.00 22 27 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 73 +R1.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.63 10.52 65 40 20 611.19 53 39.63 27 31 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 60 +R3.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.64 8.96 48 44 26 897.43 66 20.08 57 65 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 71 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
 
Mangaung

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Mainly inner periphery, with h/h residential priority. 3.73 3.33 41 52 35 225.03 53 2.60 80 93 Larger single family owned units with services, medium density, in suburban and inner-periphery localities, option of backyard and rentals development as well as permanent housing. 100 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, inner periphery + core zone. 4.00 4.28 45 47 29 648.26 60 2.63 8325 9779 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, at outer core zone and inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 85 SIMILAR
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities. 3.89 9.11 43 41 27 893.30 25 4.52 235 278 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and outer core. 85 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.19 2.59 42 40 35 345.07 37 7.28 1587 1649 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 85 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 6.73 7.12 36 37 33 139.00 47 23.08 253 265 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 99 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 7.02 8.59 37 37 40 159.81 59 13.08 5816 6227 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 99 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities in core zone & inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.25 5.84 38 43 27 516.99 63 9.50 318 527 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 85 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women. 7.52 25.12 40 37 43 146.44 40 7.20 893 950 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 85 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.48 2.82 42 43 36 432.96 43 5.54 121 131 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, along with attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 92 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some no longer serviced, informally occupied. 3.22 1.30 46 45 36 484.13 55 2.90 248 289 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 91 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 k zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.61 6.84 42 44 35 636.51 82 4.99 1268 1508 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 88 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Fezile Dabi
Mafube

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household
income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, inner periphery + core zone. 4.34 3.83 54 50 22 . 69 3.30 617 698 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, at outer core zone and inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 69 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.96 2.76 45 39 28 . 69 10.24 32 33 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 69 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 8.19 7.52 44 45 30 . 118 12.72 1084 1135 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading. 95 SIMILAR
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 6.85 3.39 20 44 17 . 69 9.85 877 914 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, material and institutional support. Some rental options. 56 SIMILAR
21.Urban rental and flats (0-20- km) Up-market private rentals as blocks of flats, concentrated in central zone and inner periphery. Medium- to long-term population, incl. single women with higher incomes needing family housing. 5.89 4.66 48 42 27 . 49 16.24 1593 1682 Gap-market and affordable housing to allow professionals with families to move up to permanent titled housing when ready. Access to bank finance or government credit to promote elite-quality self-build housing. 75 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 k zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 6.68 11.15 68 49 11 . 36 28.00 31 33 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 75 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Fezile Dabi
Metsimaholo

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, located mainly inner urban periphery, holding permanent residential priorities. 10.18 -0.80 50 40 25 126.18 59 0.00 23 24 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 99 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, inner periphery + core zone. 4.11 3.98 35 44 25 1029.23 55 9.73 1496 1671 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, at outer core zone and inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 71 SIMILAR
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities. 3.54 9.77 28 39 39 328.33 50 2.01 64 75 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and outer core. 71 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.51 2.57 37 40 40 307.69 47 11.09 554 571 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 71 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 5.31 7.67 46 39 37 200.54 32 24.18 177 193 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading. 100 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 7.83 6.49 44 37 34 135.09 54 15.54 745 773 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 8.83 12.48 0 50 10 254.68 63 39.16 10 11 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities in core zone & inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.75 5.14 38 43 25 714.14 35 14.76 3699 3835 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 71 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.01 9.02 48 40 31 463.59 48 17.94 263 300 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, along with attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 97 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some no longer serviced, informally occupied. 2.76 1.56 34 41 32 1087.90 49 14.85 415 475 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 100 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 5.13 13.07 14 43 9 548.72 54 29.57 243 254 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, material and institutional support. Some rental options. 80 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 k zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.42 8.49 27 37 23 1225.91 55 36.28 124 145 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 94 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Fezile Dabi
Moqhaka

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.90 4.40 46 49 35 534.95 57 7.40 3112 3466 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 84 SIMILAR
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities located mainly core zone, also in inner periphery. 3.52 9.89 51 43 38 313.57 62 66.37 221 261 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in core zone 0-8 km. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and entire core zone. 84 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 4.00 2.69 42 44 36 304.34 78 28.45 216 223 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 84 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 3.97 6.85 52 42 37 161.54 64 17.11 211 239 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.38 5.98 16 41 14 97.84 58 11.26 57 62 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.27 9.45 28 39 14 83.87 64 47.25 83 90 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.85 5.30 26 44 22 515.54 0 22.28 2914 3119 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 84 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.92 9.68 41 44 37 236.40 39 23.90 735 819 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation often as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some informally occupied. 1.02 -1.38 7 35 5 1770.79 56 20.31 10 12 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 81 SIMILAR
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 3.07 3.68 19 46 8 1108.42 64 33.89 59 65 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 77 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 6.60 5.33 17 43 13 331.06 55 18.70 2552 2664 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 77 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 6.95 0.80 16 43 13 406.85 61 19.48 124 129 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 91 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.63 7.49 46 43 33 764.33 49 12.87 307 357 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 91 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Fezile Dabi
Ngwathe

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 11.42 1.06 33 45 40 115.98 51 1.77 62 64 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 84 +R1.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.82 4.65 50 49 31 594.00 61 9.26 2201 2451 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 77 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.79 3.51 53 43 43 165.78 64 24.81 29 30 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 77 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.67 6.75 49 42 37 177.69 55 18.69 849 954 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 +R1.00
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 8.01 7.08 48 37 44 88.23 45 19.77 329 340 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 +R1.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.44 12.04 15 40 16 237.19 57 25.81 75 80 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 +R1.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.78 11.53 10 37 11 92.17 64 33.63 34 37 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 +R1.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.73 5.04 26 46 17 414.54 69 17.50 946 1014 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 77 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.09 9.70 49 42 31 170.16 52 19.46 519 588 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 82 SIMILAR
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 2.90 5.64 12 52 5 976.06 53 24.29 16 18 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 63 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.94 4.96 16 43 13 538.15 54 19.20 1235 1291 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 63 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 6.37 -0.02 3 41 14 1041.22 61 19.40 76 79 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 84 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.18 7.69 48 45 33 491.82 49 13.69 141 165 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 84 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Lejweleputswa
Masilonyana

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.77 4.08 50 47 32 493.52 86 7.00 1278 1420 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 97 +R3.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities located mainly core zone, also in inner periphery. 3.80 17.59 31 48 12 1120.18 58 4.90 13 15 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in core zone 0-8 km. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and entire core zone. 97 +R3.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 2.99 1.30 43 36 43 127.21 47 55.95 12 12 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 97 +R3.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 5.44 7.14 45 41 34 243.79 54 25.49 494 543 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 97 +R2.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.09 6.09 14 40 9 128.93 62 33.93 69 73 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 97 +R2.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.79 5.73 30 43 21 626.89 45 20.66 1758 1894 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 97 +R3.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.96 10.88 46 41 30 203.32 60 11.67 267 305 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 +R2.00
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation often as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some informally occupied. 3.02 1.24 29 44 19 613.57 120 5.50 46 52 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 100 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.60 6.00 15 44 16 288.54 78 16.75 381 398 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 95 +R3.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.28 9.15 46 45 4 142.45 44 7.92 13 16 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 100 +R2.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Lejweleputswa
Matjhabeng

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 9.10 1.34 42 43 34 139.19 54 20.24 65 67 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 85 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.99 4.16 42 46 33 833.44 51 11.39 6186 6894 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 63 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.65 2.60 42 42 42 386.30 43 15.82 1268 1308 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 63 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 6.83 7.71 50 39 45 153.76 74 18.77 3037 3210 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 92 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 7.37 6.89 44 40 44 109.22 52 23.19 6624 6879 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 92 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.08 7.12 15 42 18 103.74 59 15.22 160 173 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 92 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.25 5.01 33 42 33 554.51 41 15.88 2846 3111 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 63 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.54 10.27 40 40 37 354.33 37 21.37 2569 2925 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 100 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation often as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some informally occupied. 3.22 1.57 33 44 34 753.47 54 14.69 1422 1642 Attention to providing options for informal housing sometimes associated with old hostels. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, space for self-build. 98 SIMILAR
18.Inner village (0-8- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.23 1.35 19 40 9 311.81 42 28.92 56 58 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderately high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 85 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 6.82 4.08 24 44 17 565.58 48 11.01 712 744 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 85 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 5.23 0.32 52 39 52 155.88 52 10.70 139 144 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 84 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 3.83 6.71 32 40 20 866.07 60 32.60 827 946 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 84 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Lejweleputswa
Nala

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 10.88 4.40 42 40 33 48.41 65 45.09 757 805 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 82 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.22 4.03 44 49 30 590.57 63 3.38 1261 1408 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 75 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 4.40 2.99 45 45 39 140.11 67 4.95 117 121 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 75 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 8.33 7.21 42 42 36 133.96 80 11.48 1250 1322 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 9.17 6.29 42 39 36 79.69 62 57.66 1258 1305 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage'-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpment or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.79 11.31 6 40 11 292.38 52 17.41 83 89 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 9.40 4.36 41 41 34 116.29 72 38.33 381 407 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 75 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 6.43 3.21 13 43 9 460.50 58 11.94 1476 1505 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 75 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 5.84 8.60 41 43 38 144.43 72 14.07 486 543 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 80 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.20 10.83 34 49 22 742.55 76 4.68 37 44 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 81 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Lejweleputswa
Tokologo

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.11 4.30 47 50 26 706.41 57 8.23 298 332 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 69 +R2.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 7.74 7.66 44 42 21 110.20 52 31.62 771 813 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 +R2.00
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.12 10.01 18 35 23 102.71 73 32.93 111 121 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 +R2.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.23 4.70 17 41 9 1346.60 33 22.94 2572 2744 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 69 +R2.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.05 11.30 35 42 17 165.29 64 12.70 52 59 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 74 +R2.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 5.50 8.19 9 40 5 2105.60 66 25.50 135 141 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 75 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Lejweleputswa
Tswelopele

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.53 3.93 46 48 28 466.64 69 6.13 561 625 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 79 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 8.57 7.89 48 44 37 129.75 81 14.99 908 966 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 90 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.47 8.57 9 33 19 155.21 69 75.19 26 27 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 90 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.96 3.09 40 44 28 432.99 64 12.08 82 96 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 79 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 7.85 9.12 44 44 34 211.26 68 17.48 377 411 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 84 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.48 8.75 38 39 30 1258.69 77 24.29 83 95 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 76 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Thabo Mofutsanyana
Dihlabeng

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 10.59 1.94 57 49 8 75.03 63 7.14 73 75 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 75 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.74 4.39 46 47 29 796.85 58 8.50 2040 2267 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 60 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.62 2.59 42 40 41 229.71 67 18.23 179 184 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 60 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 9.70 7.17 46 43 40 129.27 68 17.67 1663 1738 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 84 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.13 5.93 25 43 17 195.96 71 16.25 125 134 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 84 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 8.67 15.29 33 48 16 103.83 61 8.33 17 19 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 84 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, or extending into old homeland. Semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 9.50 25.26 49 42 15 155.64 67 8.10 363 385 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 84 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 6.49 5.79 24 45 16 531.90 58 16.35 3927 4185 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 60 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 5.31 10.26 41 41 35 247.43 74 29.77 658 736 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 77 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 7.93 8.07 29 46 20 270.09 49 9.37 1556 1623 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 72 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 6.89 6.34 11 52 23 87.78 71 0.00 11 12 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 73 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.69 5.89 50 39 31 715.02 70 12.72 216 252 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 73 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Thabo Mofutsanyana
Maluti a Phofung

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 4.63 3.61 53 47 38 173.43 64 3.90 1372 1632 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 71 SIMILAR
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 4.67 2.51 53 47 34 308.77 69 4.13 2493 2933 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 71 SIMILAR
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.67 4.06 47 44 28 1109.38 61 18.97 2625 2914 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 81 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.60 2.92 47 41 45 185.43 49 63.58 74 76 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 81 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 8.53 6.87 46 38 33 129.14 100 21.71 2515 2626 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 90 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 7.59 8.61 54 44 37 154.65 61 18.14 282 312 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 90 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.31 5.67 17 47 22 314.21 65 53.11 37 40 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 90 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 6.40 5.83 30 45 23 648.37 78 20.31 1943 2088 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 81 SIMILAR
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, often outer periphery & outlying zone, including rural sector. Usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women with high transport preference. 3.56 2.80 48 45 34 680.23 15 9.30 199 208 PHP delivers good quality residential housing in outer communities with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safe inner-urban or rural areas with accessible transport. 81 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.30 10.30 50 42 33 330.07 50 12.65 703 820 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 86 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.51 11.26 49 45 38 138.42 68 3.93 55 66 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 81 SIMILAR
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 7.45 4.27 23 43 10 715.25 61 25.79 249 260 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 87 SIMILAR
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 4.30 10.02 46 42 32 274.64 81 6.58 351 571 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 87 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Thabo Mofutsanyana
Mantsopa

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.85 3.84 50 47 29 470.23 95 4.29 768 853 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 89 SIMILAR
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.25 2.27 59 44 17 112.79 60 12.06 15 16 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 89 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.10 7.20 51 43 36 287.85 59 12.60 209 237 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.43 4.99 27 40 9 249.82 72 15.50 46 49 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.39 5.15 33 46 13 627.56 65 12.73 1604 1721 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 89 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.54 9.09 48 40 32 296.90 65 14.28 277 323 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 94 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 6.59 7.28 27 45 13 381.77 66 8.21 1754 1832 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 84 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Thabo Mofutsanyana
Nketoana

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.85 4.36 53 49 24 573.21 63 5.86 916 1019 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 67 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in outer core and inner urban periphery zones, with long-term residential or shorter-term access priorities. 3.95 3.89 56 43 28 140.71 100 9.72 25 26 Densification options with plot sizes allowing for backyard rentals. Options for shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 67 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.94 7.15 52 40 26 156.05 57 21.18 511 570 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 92 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.85 1.90 13 37 16 104.02 65 39.64 15 16 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 92 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.58 5.89 48 44 21 622.98 67 11.43 202 233 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 67 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.29 10.28 48 42 26 161.20 50 13.20 183 209 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 86 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 7.33 3.57 15 43 13 318.26 49 6.65 519 542 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 58 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 7.00 9.88 15 42 26 311.92 66 0.00 30 32 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 73 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Thabo Mofutsanyana
Phumelela

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, inner periphery + core zone. 4.13 3.64 51 50 26 447.10 65 5.30 588 654 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, at outer core zone and inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 79 +R1.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. Younger growing households developing residential priorities. 4.55 11.68 41 48 17 181.94 74 33.49 10 12 Housing extension areas, densification options, shorter-term rentals in outer core zone. Provision of serviced sites allowing backyard densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery and outer core. 79 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high access or long-term residential. 8.47 7.38 50 42 23 123.20 60 8.66 727 769 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading. 90 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 7.06 6.91 6 46 3 182.38 286 0.00 19 21 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible. 90 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.55 12.84 0 44 13 184.00 82 9.09 14 14 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 90 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 6.50 104.78 0 43 10 . 81 0.00 14 14 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 90 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities in core zone & inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.77 6.21 53 46 26 447.49 67 11.18 161 190 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 79 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.26 11.15 50 42 23 179.42 67 10.78 1679 1750 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, along with attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 84 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 7.55 6.99 15 45 11 466.43 50 5.95 2681 2797 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, material and institutional support. Some rental options. 76 +R1.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal rental housing located on outer peripheries, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 7.90 6.04 13 44 8 632.38 64 6.43 149 155 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. 85 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Thabo Mofutsanyana
Setsoto

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.83 3.92 49 49 28 934.87 65 6.60 1562 1737 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 57 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 7.51 7.19 47 42 34 124.47 60 27.24 3394 3608 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 73 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.59 7.53 24 41 20 114.49 61 16.76 51 55 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 73 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.84 5.71 26 45 21 348.25 40 6.77 994 1072 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 57 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 5.48 10.37 46 44 30 175.18 66 14.79 686 770 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 50 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 6.58 6.32 32 45 12 289.16 51 16.79 2053 2143 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 50 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market mainly informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 km zones, with second significant pool located beyond 40 km zone. 2.70 7.82 51 42 25 463.87 66 7.30 242 280 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 64 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Xhariep
Kopanong

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.60 4.29 51 49 29 441.56 67 5.81 836 925 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 80 +R3.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 8.96 7.37 50 47 28 128.18 0 6.28 2290 2394 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 94 +R1.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 2.81 6.31 16 43 9 229.76 0 59.59 17 19 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 94 +R1.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 4.27 6.21 16 41 11 821.27 41 20.83 510 547 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 80 +R3.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 5.70 10.80 53 42 35 150.65 55 8.38 88 97 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 91 +R1.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 4.67 6.14 10 39 8 819.68 31 18.01 1294 1352 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 80 +R3.00
20.Outer village (30+ km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Less well-off conservative population on informal land, with permanent urban access as household priority. 5.36 6.87 10 39 11 705.20 100 12.43 175 186 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at lower relative density on informal land under rural institutions. Emphasis on informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 80 +R3.00
22.Outer rental and flats (20+ km) Small amounts of formal or semi-formal rental housing, concentrating on towns outer peripheries and in old homelands, often with lower-professional medium-term tenants. 6.17 -6.11 0 35 8 293.00 51 16.67 14 14 Relatively small quantity of lower-priced formal or semi-formal rental housing readily available on the open market, needing measures to loosen up housing supply. Also building materials and credit. 95 +R2.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Xhariep
Letsemeng

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.12 3.94 39 48 25 594.52 71 5.03 419 467 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 68 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 8.47 6.72 36 43 29 148.98 105 6.39 1114 1168 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 83 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 6.13 15.92 13 40 7 117.38 53 4.30 28 30 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 83 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 8.56 9.96 49 37 48 18.95 69 77.97 79 85 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks or informal rental options all possible after establishing nature of demand. 83 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.33 4.66 13 41 12 648.87 35 24.39 1741 1852 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 68 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 5.70 9.89 39 42 37 161.51 56 12.77 193 213 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 79 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Xhariep
Mohokare

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 3.80 3.52 53 48 29 379.69 50 3.74 619 687 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 81 +R4.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Household priority may be for high short-term access or for long-term residential. 4.17 6.69 54 40 38 183.52 55 7.64 222 249 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Or equivalent bldg redevelpmnt or possible shack area upgrading with caution, avoiding displacemt. 100 +R2.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.57 30.15 0 42 24 214.86 86 0.00 10 11 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 100 +R2.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 3.18 5.55 56 44 26 468.37 53 8.70 40 45 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 81 +R4.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 3.08 8.07 54 43 38 865.82 115 4.58 73 82 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, including building materials and credit. With attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in both inner and outlying zones. 92 +R2.00
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population, mobilized settlement on informl land, permanent urban access as household priority. 5.24 3.33 14 42 12 471.73 60 15.56 1056 1101 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at medium-high comparative density on informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 77 +R3.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
4.Free State
Xhariep
Naledi

Settlement typology Description
of the
settlement
type
Average household
size
Expected
annual rise
in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types
of appropriate
housing
options
+ linked
needs
Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
05.Old townships   3.58 4.34 54 49 30 525.54 . 6.94 520 578   88 SIMILAR
06.New townships   3.59 7.85 50 43 36 456.67 28 19.98 39 46   88 SIMILAR
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km)   5.09 6.62 50 40 29 150.88 . 20.31 297 324   100 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing   3.41 3.45 51 45 30 1305.44 . 10.47 28 32   88 SIMILAR
15.Backyard shacks/ structures   3.80 8.49 51 45 18 325.95 . 8.73 36 41   99 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km)   5.72 5.09 21 44 9 673.31 . 17.14 1517 1584   85 SIMILAR



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
5.KwaZulu-Natal
 
eThekwini

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita
household income
(R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+
yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Lower
estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015: Upper
estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. H/h residential priority. 6.71 3.70 49 49 31 214.69 45 1.12 15676 16501 Larger single family owned units with services, medium density, suburban and outer-urban metro localities, option of backyard and rentals development. 89 +R1.00
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, locations slightly closer to central urban. 6.20 3.45 43 47 32 290.78 52 2.06 308 319 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities in inner periphery. 89 +R1.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Residential priority. 5.83 4.24 45 47 35 592.68 55 2.86 37374 39671 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, inner peripheral location. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks. 68 +R1.00
06.New townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government, RDP or owner-built, age of settlement less than 12 years. 4.60 9.97 49 39 34 512.48 47 20.90 1786 2035 Housing extension areas and densification options, serviced sites at sizes allowing backyards densification at 1+ units. Option of rental blocks. Priority to inner periphery. 68 +R1.00
07.Mixed formal & informal Areas with informal self-build mixed with formal-type houses, concentrating in middle periphery with h/h residential priorities. 4.74 2.57 46 41 45 315.58 36 3.96 2812 2856 Densification options, plot sizes to allow for backyard rental, availability of serviced sites for in-migration important. 68 +R1.00
08.Informal shacks, inner CBD (0-4- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone. Household priority as high access not permanent residentl. Shacks upgrading not optimal. 2.61 7.32 30 38 30 467.57 54 17.74 16 18 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Building redevelopment or shacks upgrading only with great caution due to displacement risk. 95 SIMILAR
09.Informal shacks, outer CBD (4-8- km) Shack structures, old buildings & other types of found housing, used as short or medium-term informal temporary shelter in strategic central city zone to access economic opportunities. Permanent residentl occupn not usually household priority. 3.99 6.41 40 35 48 247.17 59 11.26 3054 3248 Public rental RDP-type units with bulk servicing capacity and plot size promoting backyard or cottage-type ultra-low-priced informal rental development, crowding in around formal units. Equivalent bldgs redevelopment or shacks upgrading only with caution due to displacement risk. 95 SIMILAR
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.86 8.39 44 40 46 266.89 63 5.05 21200 23426 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rentals or shacks area upgrading all possible. 95 SIMILAR
11.Informal shacks, outer periphery (20-30- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 4.74 9.14 42 40 44 225.15 56 7.13 5517 6156 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible. 95 SIMILAR
12.Informal shacks, rural (30+ km) Informal settlement or free-standing area of shack housing, in periphery of city or township, semi-permanent densification with household residential priority for urban access. 5.11 26.26 42 42 42 248.54 51 7.22 2370 2575 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, low-priced rental options or site & service, with some rental blocks or informal rental options all possible. 95 SIMILAR
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities mainly in suburban periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 5.58 5.05 44 43 40 330.14 58 4.37 13440 14695 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals. 68 +R1.00
14.PHP subsidy housing Government-supported serviced owner-built permanent housing, usually through subsidized contractor building services. Owners often older women. 5.86 2.80 46 44 42 389.99 24 2.36 802 828 PHP delivers good quality suburban housing with subsidy assist. To expand coverage needs serviced building sites in safer areas with accessible transport. 68 +R1.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.71 9.65 43 40 46 242.82 65 6.22 6147 6727 Support to increase total numbers of backyard rental units, along with attention to increasing supply of serviced sites or permanent subsidy housing in area. 83 SIMILAR
16.Old hostels Older-type workers hostel accommodation as shared space in large blocks of housing, either public or privately owned. Some no longer serviced, informally occupied. 3.00 1.16 22 36 52 360.62 46 11.52 1256 1427 Review of practice of upgrading existing old hostels to family housing in view of displacement risk. Consideration to formal and informal single and family owning options, SRO hotel rentals. 94 SIMILAR
19.Midzone village (8-30- km) Contemporary lower-quality non-traditional rural housing mainly as square houses with asbestos, zinc or iron roofs. Relatively well-off population with permanent urban access as household priority. 6.49 5.75 47 47 30 380.44 53 2.07 7684 8217 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at relatively lower comparative density, with financial, material and institutional support for informal self-build housing provision. 74 SIMILAR
21.Urban rental and flats (0-20- km) Up-market private rentals as blocks of flats, concentrated in central zone and inner periphery. Medium-term younger population, many as singles with professional income not ready for permanent housing. 3.58 4.62 40 38 38 613.17 37 13.40 29625 32074 Gap-market and affordable housing to allow young professionals to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit to promote elite-quality self-build housing. 96 +R1.00
23.Mixed urban rental Middle- and lower-market private or informal urban rental, concentrated in urban periphery 8-30 k zones, many as younger working singles not ready for permanent housing. 5.31 7.23 42 42 40 393.89 79 4.97 27127 30045 Subsidy housing, site and service and bonded housing as options for rental population to move up to permanent housing after reaching stage of family household formation. Bank finance or government credit for self-build. 96 +R1.00



Municipal delivery demand guide chart
5.KwaZulu-Natal
Amajuba
Dannhauser

Settlement typology Description of the settlement type Average household
size
Expected annual
rise in household
size (%)
Proportion
female
household
heads (%)
Average
age of
household
heads (years)
Proportion
adults
out of
work (%)
Per capita household
income (R/month)
Dependency
ratio (%
of population
aged <15
or 65+ yrs)
Household
head in-migration
rate (1996-2001)
(%)
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Lower estimate
No. of housing
units needed
by 2015:
Upper estimate
Types of appropriate housing options + linked needs Walk dependency:
% households
dependent
on walking
Public transport
cost indicator
(comp. to other
areas)
01.Old traditional Older style rural-type housing with more than 60% earth-built or cement-combination structures + iron, asbestos or thatch roofs. Age of settlement 12+ yrs. Some in small town inner zone, most in rural periphery out to 40+ kilometers. 6.35 3.32 53 51 34 156.48 95 4.96 1657 1743 Serviced sites or single-family owned units at moderate density on municipal or informal land. Emphasis on enabling informal self-build decent-quality housing provision, with financial, materials and institutional support. Some rental options. 74 +R2.00
02.New traditional Resembles 01, settlement age less than 12 years, located mainly on inner periphery of smaller towns and outwards. 6.34 4.48 55 45 22 88.14 93 7.54 24 25 Resembles 01, younger families & household preference for fully serviced localities on municipal or informal land. 74 +R2.00
03.Self-development Self-established greenfields areas scattered in outer city core zone and inner urban periphery. Younger families constructing mainly decent-quality permanent self-build housing. 6.59 3.99 51 50 43 121.31 58 5.61 64 69 To increase self-delivery needs release of serviced land and financial/ materials/ institutional support for owner-built housing provision. Site & service in outer core zone and inner-periphery suburban type of localities. 74 +R2.00
04.Self-upgrade Existing areas of traditional settlement with half or more self-upgraded to higher quality units. Older families often with women heads, holding permanent residential priorities. Mainly old homelands informal land, with additional representn inside inner urban periphery. 6.42 2.64 54 50 35 161.74 0 6.50 2234 2330 To increase development of quality self-build housing, needs service delivery plus access to construction materials and bank finance or government-backed household-level construction credit. Bkyds and site/service for expansion. 74 +R2.00
05.Old townships Formal urban or rural townships of family houses on serviced individual plots, government delivery, age of settlement 12+ years. Older households holding residential priority, in core zone, some inner periphery. 4.95 4.09 32 41 31 1249.97 111 50.28 180 191 Single-family owned units with full services, high density, in core zone and inner periphery locations at 0-8 km. Plot sizes to allow backyard development 1-2 units. Option of rental blocks and high-turnover rental options. 67 +R3.00
10.Informal shacks, inner periphery (8-20- km) Shack areas and township informal infill settlement, or extending into old homeland. Used as short-term or longer-term economic access and/or residential. Less temporary occupn, permanency as priority, and upgrading possible. 5.65 7.58 56 47 34 134.26 63 6.79 105 116 Permanent single-family units in serviced upgrading or greenfields areas, or low-priced rental options. Site & service, formal rental blocks, bldg redevelpment, informal rental options or shacks area upgrading all possible after establishing nature of demand. 78 +R2.00
13.RDP subsidy housing Subsidy housing allocated to poor citizens or communities, concentrating in core zone and in inner periphery. Young individuals or families not necessarily holding permanent residential priorities. 8.70 8.01 24 47 32 429.65 88 11.18 234 251 Support to rental-oriented densification to allow more housing turnover and flexibility, and to options for expansion and improvement of houses. Increase low-cost inner rentals after establishing nature of demand. 67 +R3.00
15.Backyard shacks/ structures Formal or informal backyard structures on plots of township or other mainly formal housing. Backyards are widely distributed, and extend into old homelands. Renting population younger and poorer than township housing. 4.66 13.96 48 47 43 112.95 67 31.30